Ignatius Donneley, the Seer of Nininger, as he was called by the scuffers, once wrote a tale that rung true to the ear.  “Atlantis” was followed by the sequel, “Ragnarok, and a cult of Atlanteans had been created.  There were many people in the world who read Conneley’s book who accepted it as scientific.  Mrs. Taffinder writes for this month’s Overland the article, “A Fragment of the Continent of Lemuria.”  This must be a valuable addition to the literature of the psychist and it may or may not be accepted as a compliment by the author to be told that it is splendidly written, of absorbing interest, fantastically beautiful, and yet impossible of acceptance as fact by the EDITOR OVERLAND MONTHLY.

SCIENTIFIC DATA  and historical research have supplied abundant evidence that there existed at some prehistoric time a vast Southern Continent to which the name Lemuria has been aptly applied.  The acceptance of the existence of such an area rationally accounts for many existing anomalies, and helps to clear a great many inexplicable difficulties in the evolution and distribution of organic life.  It is calculated that this submerged Southern Continent flourished 18,000,000 years ago, and that California was the center of a civilization that antedates the Continent of Atlantis, by thousands of years.  One who has made a deep study of the hoary antiquity of California, affirms that she was a high mountainous country, with fertile valleys, away back in the ages when the waves of the sea rolled over the remainder of the United States.

That from her mountain peaks she has patiently seen, with ever watchful eye, the land to the east of her gradually rise, shaking the salt sea from its back.  During the ages when the west and the south volcanic action had shaken the earth into fragments, until it become a prey to the devouring water, the glorious land of California remained as the only monument in this part of the world to testify to the ancient grandeur of the land and the high civilization to which it gave birth.

It is stated that beneath the soil of California is hidden vast wealth, much greater indeed than any of her rich mines have ever yet produced, while beneath the foundations of her cities, more especially of San Francisco, Los Angeles and San Diego, lie buried the remains of mighty cities.

The antiquity of our State accounts for the remarkable fertility of soil, and for the gigantic trees, many of which are contemporaneous with the Star of Bethlehem, and the departing grandeur of Egypt.

According to occult science, the magnetism of prehistoric times still lingers in our earth atmosphere, which is conducive to the development of the psychic faculties in man.

A few years ago there was published in this city a strange book, called “Yermah the Dorado.”  The story is located on the site of the city of San Francisco, but the time of action was eleven thousand years ago, when an Atlantean colonial city of “seven hills” called Tlamco, attained a high state of culture.

The name signifies Wisdom, and the inhabitants were taught Divine Science.  The author graphically describes how this ancient city was laid out in circles, with the Temple of the Sun in the center.  These seven circles marked the orbits and diameters of the planets.  The outside circle described the orbit of Mars, which was typical of the curious warfare which trade was to wage in later times.  The story runs that in those days Lone Mountain and the Twin Peaks were centers for astrological computations, and that they were enveloped in mysticism.

Mr. P.L. Slater, and Englishman, had the honor of christening the lost continent, “Lemuria,” in recognition of the fact that it was probably on this continent that animals of the Lemuroid type, or monkey-like animals, were developed.

Modern science posits a common animal ancestor the anthropoid apes and man.  Occultism asserts that the anthropoid apes are the late descendants of a mixture of the human and animal kingdoms that took place on Lemuria.  Who shall dispute that those bestial beings known as satyrs in old Grecian legend may not have been the progeny of such a degrading alliance?

The eminent naturalist, Mr. A.R. Wallace says: “This is undoubtedly a legitimate and highly probable supposition, and it is an example of the way in which a study of the geographical distribution of animals may enable us to reconstruct the geography of a by-gone age.”

It is quite possible that this continent was the cradle of the human race, although evidence points to the fact that the Atlanteans were the “first truly human and terrestrial race.”

Many have been the scientists who have written much, and thought more, upon this subject.  Authorities give various good reasons to believe that at one time Lemuria covered the area now washed by the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

The continent extended from the foot of the Himalaya, south across what is known to us as Southern India, Ceylon and Sumatra, embracing on its way as we go south.  Madagascar on its right hand and Australia and Tasmania on its left, running to within a few degrees of the Antarctic circle.  Thence it extended far into the Pacific Ocean, Easter Isle and the other islands sown hither and thither on the face of the Pacific, together with a large part of California, are remnants of this once might land.

North of California, Lemuria may have touched the coast line of North America.  From the south, the continent extended in the shape of a horse shoe past Madagascar, round South Africa (then a mere fragment in the process of formation), through the Atlantic Ocean up to Norway.  “The great English fresh water deposit called the Wealden, which every geologist regards as the mouth of a former great river, is the bed of the main stream which drained northern Lemuria in the secondary age.”  In those days, there was neither Africa nor the Americas, still less Europe, for all these were slumbering on the floor of the ocean.  Just as Professor G.P. Serviss has recently stated that the primeval sea no doubt covered the round earth to a great depth, and as the depth of the ocean decreased dry land emerged in many quarters.  At that period to which we allude, there was very little of the present Asia, for the north Himalayan regions were covered with seas, beyond which were Greenland, Eastern and Western Siberia, which belonged to a yet older continent.

Do you wonder what location scientists give to a continent older than Lemuria?  It is claimed that the “Cap of the North Pole,” the Peak of Mount Meru, is the point where the first land appeared on this globe.  As the land slowly emerged from the turbulent tepid ocean, it spread out from the center “like the lotus of seven leaves,” forming seven great promontories of land.  These promontories and their center formed the First Continent, known as the Imperishable Sacred Land.  Science postulates that this polar-land was once a glowing, gladsome country, with a tropical climate and a richly luxuriant vegetation.  Aeons upon aeons of years ago, when the earth was in its infancy, the pole or axis of the earth is said to have lain in the plane of its orbit about the sun, not being inclined to the ecliptic, as it is at the present time.  This change in the inclination of the earth’s axis, or a real shifting of the axis, as is asserted by some, together with a slowing of the revolution of the earth, has caused radical changes in climate to sweep over the earth several times.

As time went on, land rose from the water south of this sacred land, or the first continent, which became known as the “Hyperborean,” or second continent.  This latter land stretched southward and westward from the Arctic circle, and embraced what is now known as Northern Asia.  Greenland is a remnant of this “land of the gods,” as the Greeks called it, saying that the “nocturnal shadows never fall upon it.”

Finally this continent broke into pieces and was submerged, the first deluge in the life of Mother Earth.  Next came the great continent of Lemuria, the ancient mother of California.  The continent of Atlantis was slowly rising, as Lemuria was broken up by earthquakes and volcanic outbursts, the one emerging as the other sank.  While great obscurity surrounds these dates, it is computed that it required 150,000 years for the sinking of Atlantis, while 700,000 years elapsed between that event and the destruction of Lemuria.  Some portions of Lemuria, after sinking, were evidently again raised with little harm, for instance Easter Isle, which was again elevated from the ocean, with its statues and other archaic remains.  The New Zealand Herald, 1905, contained the following item: “The old Atlantic is a tomb, the tomb of a continent, the sepulchre of a race.  But so it appears is our new Pacific, from which Easter Island emerges, to remind us of the things that have been.”

From the mere existence of Easter Island, men of wit and insight have always leaped to the conclusion that a lost Pacific Continent was the sole explanation of its obvious place in the scheme of a highly developed civilization which had reached to the carving of stone upon a grand and majestic scale.

This civilization had manifested a realization of art in sculpture, the possession of a gorgeous ritual, and had attained to that civic organization by which alone great and lasting work is possible.  Within the last few days, this poetic theory of a lost Pacific continent has been scientifically corroborated by geological and biological explorations in Fiji, whose islands are now asserted to have been a part of a great mainland that extended to Australia and New Caledonia at a time when the fauna and flora of the earth were much in their present state. *** A lost continent is of a mild scientific interest if it was doomed before man appeared upon it. ***

But what if man lived on this lost continent; what if civilization flourished in the Pacific, and if it all went down in some wild cataclysm?  That this is what happened, Easter Island bears mute but unquestionable testimony, for there we can still see work that was never finished–half finished figures of which the artist workmen were cut off.”

The Scottish National Antarctic Expedition in the vessel “Scotia,” has recently added many interesting and romantic chapters to the history of South Polar exploration.  Mr. William S. Bruce, the leader of the expedition, has lately published an article corroborating the hypothesis of a submerged continental land in that sea.

At a Philadelphia meeting of the Affiliated Scientific Societies held some years since, a discussion took place on the flora and fauna of the Antarctic and adjacent regions.  Several prominent scientists were of the opinion that from the geological formations, the continent was once connected with Australia, South America, and perhaps Africa.  Professor Huxley said that the simplest and most rational mode of accounting for certain mammalian faunas of Australia, South America and the Arctic regions, was in the supposition that a Pacific continent existed in that area and gradually subsided.

Many instances are at hand of the convergence of facts in natural history and geology, which points unmistakably to a great Southern continent having been in existence ages ago.

Considered from the occult stand-point, the evolution of the Lemurian constitutes one of the most interesting chapters of man’s development.  Archaic records state that during this period, his body underwent the greatest physical changes and the transition of sexual separation occurred.  The sounds which these primitive men made to express their thoughts were at first composed entirely of vowels, for their language was only a slight improvement on the various sounds in nature, like the cry of gigantic insects and the forest animals.  In the slow course of evolution, the consonant sounds gradually came into use, but the development of language from first to last on the continent of Lemuria never reached beyond the monosyllabic phase.

The Chinese language of to-day is reputed to be the sole great lineal descendant of ancient Lemurian speech.

These were the days of amphibious monsters, the Plesiosauri and Icthyosauri, which swarmed in tepid marshes–and monstrous land reptiles, the Pterodactyls, which not only crawled on the earth, but with bat-like wings flew through the air.  Ernst Haeckel’s “History of Creation” relates that the Dinosauria were terrible beasts of prey, and that they attained a length of from 40 to 50 feet.  That subsequent excavations have laid bare skeletons of an even larger size.

The recent interesting article, “Where Mammoths Roved,” by Professor Louderback, of the University of California contains some scientific facts which bear on our subject.  He describes the series of elephantine tracks which were excavated in the State Prison yard (the Prison quarry) at Carson City, Nevada.

He presumes that these tracks were made by the Mammoth during the Pliocene Period.  Professor Louderback says that much interest has centered about a peculiar type of track that has been found in several series and much more abundant than those already described.  He describes them as varying from eighteen to twenty-one inches in length, and from six to eight or nine inches in width.  They “are rounded at each end, the forward end being broader than the back part, and they are curved about with the hollow on the inside as in the imprint of a human foot.”

These tracks have created considerable discussion, because many people are of the opinion that they are the tracks of giants.

Gigantic footprints of birds of the heron-type have also been found in that vicinity.  Fossil remains, including many bones and teeth, were excavated during the quarrying of the rock at the State Prison.

The reptilian monsters of Lemuria, possessed strange organs of vision, having a third eye at the back of the head.  Lemurian man is credited with the third eye which gave him psychic vision.  His head sloped backwards and upwards in a peculiar way, facilitating his ability to walk backwards with almost as great ease as fowards.  It is the atrophied remnant of this “third eye,” known in Physiology as the pineal gland, which causes clairvoyance in many people of the present time.

As humanity advanced from the Lemurian or Third Root Race, into the Atlantean or Fourth Root Race, the third eye ceased to function, retreating inwards and disappearing altogether as a physical organ during the Toltec Empire.  Grecian mythology has embalmed the memory of the third eye, for we read of the one-eyed Cyclops, as the one-eyed were called in later times.  Our early Lemurian ancestors are described as having been gigantic in height and correspondingly broad, possessing tremendous power, attaining the height of 60 feet.  The later Lemurians averaged from 12 to 15 feet.  We wonder if sacred history had reference to them when it says that there were “giants in the land?”

Mr. Scott-Elliot, who is occult authority, believes that the degraded remnants of Lemuria who still inhabit the earth, may be recognized in the aboriginal Australians and Tasmanians, the Andaman Islanders, some hill tribes of India, the Tierra del Fuegans, the Bushmen of Africa, and some other savage tribes.  The Malayans and Papuans have descended from a cross between the last Lemurian sub-race and the Atlanteans.  The Hottentots form another remnant.  The negro race is a strongly marked descedant of Lemuria.  One can fancy that some of these “remnants” might have a racial memory of that pre-Adamite age similar to “Big Tooth,” as chronicled by Jack London.

Occult Science postulates that highly evolved beings from the planet Venus, not only guided and taught the primitive denizens of Lemuria, but assisted in improving the racial type.  One of the first things that they were taught was the use of fire in the preparation of their food.  They were also shown how to till the ground, and to cultivate the seeds of wild grain until it improved in type.  Vast ages elapsed before the evolution of the various cereals which we now possess, such as barley, oats, corn, etc.

Mrs. Besant, the distinguished theosophist, says in reference to these spiritual teachers:  “These ruled the less evolved, under the beneficent sway of the great teachers, and the compelled obedience to elementary rules of right living–very elementary at first, in truth–much hastened the development of mental and moral faculties in the embryonic souls.  Apart from all other records, the gigantic remains of civilizations that have long since disappeared–evidencing great engineering skill and intellectual conceptions far beyond anything possible by the mass of the then infant humanity–suffice to prove that there were present on earth men with minds that were capable of greatly planning and greatly executing.”

Lemurian architecture was of cyclopean dimensions, corresponding with the gigantic bodies of the race.  One of the great cities is described as having been built of blocks of lava.  The immense statues of Easter Island, measuring often eight feet across the shoulders by twenty-seven feet in height, may have perpetuated in stone the features and the stature of those who carved them.

The following remarkable statement is taken from “The Pedigree of Man” by Mrs. Besant:  “Guided by the divine kings, the sixth sub-race (of Lemuria) built the first rock and lava cities in the region of Madagascar, and many such cities followed, whereof, here and there, vast fragments remain, rocks that no modern engineer could handle, ruins of huge temples–cyclopean ruins, they are called.  To the early Greeks and the early Egyptians they handed on the types of such buildings and in the temples of Egypt, such as that of Karnac, we see traces of Lemurian building as practiced by their later descendants of the Atlantean Race.

So, again, in southern India, traces of this massive style of building appear in some of the old temples.  Judging by the ruins of Karnac, you may imagine the building of those who were mightier yet than they who raised those ponderous stones; or see the mighty pyramid of Egypt, and measure the knowledge and the skill that reared its stupendous strength.  But those stones were not raised by mere bulk of muscles, nor by skillful apparatus, strong beyond modern making; they were raised by those who understood and could control the forces of terrestrial magnetism, so that the stone lost its weight, and floated, guided by the touch of a finger, to rest on its appointed bed.  Some of the extraordinary rocking stones still remain, that were poised by Lemurian fingers.

These stones are one of the puzzles modern science has failed to solve, trying explanations of erosion by ice and water, that are manifestly inadequate.  And what are they, the rocking stones?

Means by which messages might come from those above to those below, in which the swayings of the stone spelled out the messages, as the swaying of the Morse telegraph needle spell out messages today.

As ages rolled on, a separation arose between those who strove to be faithful to the higher teachings, and those who sought sensual pleasures.  Bitter quarrels and fierce wars occurred, which were accompanied by terrible convulsions of Nature.  Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions rent asunder the great continent, forming continental islands.

These were not destined to escape the terrors of repeated convulsions, until Lemuria as such “disappeared, devastated by fire, channeled by lava in great explosions of steam, generated as fire, warred with water, and, amid roaring flames and surging billows, it sank, island after island, into the whirlpool of fire and sea.”

The eternal equilibrium is maintained, cause and effect is the fundamental law of nature.

Apparently portions of our planet have alternately perished by fire and by water.  We are on the Fifth Continent of creation.  Will fire be the destroying element?